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Christmas is the celebration by the Catholic and Protestant Churches of the birth of Christ on the 24th, 25th and 26th of December. The 24th of December is Christmas Eve (der "Heilige Abend"). The Christmas festival of the Orthodox Church is celebrated on the 6th or 7th January. Many families have a Christmas tree, decorated with candles and coloured baubles. Christmas trees are also often put on public squares and in public buildings. This tradition dates back to the 16th century.

"Father Christmas" is a figure from the 19th century. and has come to represent what "Nikolaus" (Saint Nicolas) used to represent. Father Christmas is an imaginary figure that brings presents to the children. During the Christmas period many Father Christmases can be seen, older-looking plump men with a white beard and dressed in a red cloak. Shops often use Father Christmas to advertise their goods.

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